FLORIDA FAMILY LAWYERS florida family lawyers attorneys Directory divorce law collaborative law Parenting Coordination Issues

Child Custody Evaluations Discovery Issues

Parenting Evaluation (Custody Evaluator) Issues

Collaborative Family Law

Child-Centered Divorce

Parental Alienation

therapeutic jurisprudence - custody evaluators - guardians ad litem



FLORIDA FAMILY LAWYERS florida family lawyers attorneys divorce law collaborative law
Collaborative lawyers South Florida Broward County Fort Lauderdale Pompano Beach Hollywood
FAMILY LAW ARTICLES AND INFORMATION
Collaborative law information and research
Law Offices of Elizabeth J. Kates, Pompano Beach, Florida
CUSTODY EVALUATOR AGENDAS
   Doubting Child Sex Abuse Allegations
   Doubting Women's Domestic Violence Allegations
      ... but the MHP's Fears are Justified
   False Memory Theory
   Father's Rights (or anti-Mother) Custody Advocacy
   Father's Rights Anti-Relocation Advocacy
   Joint Custody in the Absence of Research
   Parental Alienation Theory
   Reluctance to Believe Mothers' Allegations, Believe Father's
   Martha Jacobson
   "Sex Positivism"
   Speculation about What Children Need
   Speculation and Assumption When that Suits the Agenda
      ...but Requiring Hard Research When it Doesn't
            ...Such as in Battered Women's Surveys
                  ...or Sibling Attachments
                        ...or Post-Divorce Relocations
CONFIRMATORY BIAS
   The Data Must Be Wrong
   The Mother and Children Must Be Wrong
   The Treating Therapist Must Be Wrong
GENDER BIAS, ANTI-MOTHER DISCRIMINATION
   Bias Outright
   Compare the Reactions
   Bias Under the Guise of Gender Neutrality
   "I Was Only Joking"
LACK OF EXPERTISE BY TRAINING
   Lack of Decision-making Ability
   Lack of Investigative Ability
   Lack of Judgment
   Lack of Expert Credentials in Relevant Area of Inquiry
   Lack of Methodology
LACK OF SUBJECT MATTER EXPERTISE
   Group Think
   Not the Parenting Mavins You Might Think
   Not the Research Mavins You Might Think
LACK OF SCIENCE
   Directionless Curiosity
   It's Just Not Science
   It's Not Science -- But That's Okay if I Like It
   Protecting Vested Interests (Work in the Court System)
   Psychometric Testing of Custody Litigants
LACK OF UNDERSTANDING OF DUE PROCESS
   Arrogance
   Ignorance
   Insistence on Keeping Underlying Data Secret
   Just Don't Wanna Release That Report
   Much Concern for the Copyright Claims of Test Publishers
      ...but not for the Copyright Claims of Article Publishers
   Paternalistic Attitudes Toward Litigants
   Role Confusion and Power-hungry Incompetence
   Self-interest above Due Process
   Self-interest as the Highest Priority
   Self-Protection Above All
   Subverting Attorney-Client Privilege
MAKE-WORK ON CAPTIVE CONSUMERS
   Experimenting
   Meddling and Social Engineering
   Money, Money, Money
   Parental Alienation Therapy
   Parenting Classes
   Parenting Coordination
   Parenting Conjoint Therapy
   Reunification Therapy
   Treating Children Because of Parental Defects
   Treating Perpetrators
   Treating Victims
   Trainings and Reviewings
THERAPEUTIC JURISPRUDENCE
   "Do a Bonding Assessment"
   "Do a Psycho-Sexual Evaluation"




Joint Custody Just Does Not Work. Research from the California Judicial Council, 2000. Look at the findings; ignore the "spin." This study was done ostensibly to look at the results of mediated "parenting plans."

Look what happened to joint custody. As a lifestyle, it just does not work. Its only arguable accomplishment probably is to ultimately send more children into the sole custody of their fathers than otherwise would occur. (A primary reason fathers' rights groups push for it.)

However, it's unlikely that any group, children, mothers, or fathers, benefits from this phenomenon -- other than, of course, custody mediators, evaluators, and parenting coordinators, who make more money the more problematic and unworkable a "parenting plan" is. See "The Agenda Behind the Rhetoric." Most fathers who weren't the primary parents during their marriages eventually (if not immediately) palm off the primary parenting onto stepmothers and others. And in the long run, while it saves on paying child support (a psychic reward for the bread-winning father), it rarely costs less to have custody of a child than to pay child support. Mothers who initially were stay-home parents or merely their children's primary caregivers, and/or the dependent spouse, suffer long-term detriment, both economic and emotional. Most of all, the children themselves, who most likely did not need this in order to have a "relationship" with their fathers, just don't do well from repeated changes in household/family composition, and from the lack of stability.

Read the research, here, and here, and here.




THE CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT TO TRAVEL
by DiAnn Lindquist, Esq.(Colorado)

A citizen's right to interstate travel has long been recognized as a fundamental right, grounded upon the Privileges and Immunities Clause of Article IV, Section 2, of the United States Constitution. Edwards v. People of State of California, 314 U.S. 160, 173, 62 S.Ct. 164 (1941).

This principle encompasses the right of individuals to "migrate, resettle, find a new job, and start a new life." Shapiro v. Thompson, 394 U.S. 618, 629, 89 S.Ct 1322, 1329, 22 L.Ed.2d 600 (1969).

Edwards, Shapiro, and their progeny were concerned with the constitutionality of state statutes designed to discourage indigent people from relocating to their state of choice. The Supreme Court consistently held the statutes to be unconstitutional, reasoning:

"...[t]he nature of our Federal Union and our constitutional concepts of personal liberty unite to require that all citizens be free to travel throughout the length and breadth of our land, uninhibited by statutes, rules, or regulations which unreasonably burden or restrict this movement."

The Court also held that the right of travel is "...a virtually unconditional personal right, guaranteed by the Constitution to us all." Id. at 643, 89 S.Ct. at 1336. For the same reasons that a state cannot prohibit a person from moving to a particular area, it also cannot prohibit a person from moving from a particular area.

Strict Scrutiny

Court action that places restrictions on a citizen's fundamental rights requires application of the strict scrutiny test. Jones v. Helms, 452 U.S. 412 (1981); U.S. v. Carolene Products Co., 304 U.S. 144, 152, 58 S.Ct. 778 (1938).

Under strict scrutiny, the state must show that it has a compelling purpose for denying the fundamental right and that the remedy chosen is narrowly tailored to meet the stated purpose. Shapiro, 394 U.S. at 634, 89 S.Ct. at 1331.

Requiring a citizen to live in a specific locale, thereby restricting his or her fundamental right of travel, must be based on compelling state concerns. Hodgson v. Minnesota, 497 U.S. 417 (1990).

Parents also have a fundamental liberty interest in the care, custody, and management of their natural children, and due process must be provided when the state interferes with that relationship. Santosky v. Kramer, 455 U.S. 745 (1982).

-- The above argument successfully was used in the mother's brief in the Colorado Supreme Court relocation case of Spahmer v. Gullette, decided June 5, 2005 (Barry Seidenfeld, Esq. and Anne Whalen Gill, Esq., counsel.) Also see, decided the same day, Ciesluk v. Ciesluk,



SOUND RESEARCH? Maybe not in custody science.

THE CASE FOR ABOLISHING CUSTODY EVALUATORS

GUARDIANS AD LITEM IN CUSTODY LITIGATION

EVALUATING THE EVALUATORS

JOINT CUSTODY RESEARCH

THE ROAD TO HELL IS PAVED WITH GOOD INTENTIONS

THOSE JOINT CUSTODY STUDIES    ...MORE

JOINT CUSTODY DOES NOT WORK

SHARED PARENTING ADVOCATES DISTORT THE FACTS

BAUSERMAN ON JOINT CUSTODY

MICHAEL LAMB AND JOAN KELLY on Infant Overnights

JOINT CUSTODY Opinion of Noncustodial Father

AAML "FATHERLESSNESS" PROPAGANDA

CHANGING CUSTODY IN THE TEEN YEARS

POST-DIVORCE MOVEAWAYS

BRAVER'S MOVEAWAY STUDY FINDINGS

COMMENTS BY JUDITH WALLERSTEIN, Ph.D.

LaMUSGA v. LaMUSGA (California) INFO PAGE

RESEARCH MYTHS AND FACTS

...ABOUT MOTHERHOOD   What the research really says.

...ABOUT FATHERHOOD   What the research really says.

...IN FATHERHOOD PROMOTION

...ABOUT STEPMOTHERS and MOTHER ABSENCE

...ABOUT PARENTING AND CHILDREN'S EDUCATION

...ABOUT WHY PEOPLE DIVORCE

THE FATHERS' RIGHTS MOVEMENT

...IN THEIR OWN WORDS

NATIONAL FATHERHOOD INITIATIVE

DECONSTRUCTING FATHERHOOD PROPAGANDA

DECONSTRUCTING THE DECONSTRUCTING

THE CHILDREN'S RIGHTS COUNCIL

STALKING THROUGH THE COURTS

TRISH WILSON'S ARTICLES  Exposing "father's rights."

WARREN FARRELL AND "FAMILY SEX"

WARREN FARRELLSAID... WHAT!?

WARREN FARRELL'S NCP HOLIDAY PARENT

"THE CASE FOR FATHER CUSTODY"

FATHER'S RIGHTS POLITICS

"GUERILLA WARFARE"

MOTHERHOOD, LAW, AND PUBLIC POLICY

EFFECTS OF PREGNANCY

RECONCILING MARRIAGE, MOTHERHOOD, AND FEMINISM

FEMINISTS ON ALIMONY

WHAT IS "ATTACHMENT?"

WHAT IS A "PRIMARY PARENT?"

PRIMARY PARENTS

LIZ RESPONDS TO "BE THANKFUL FOR DADS"

WHEN "EQUAL" ISN'T

MALE BASHING?

ABOUT BIAS

WOMEN AND RELIGION

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND CHILD ABUSE

CHILD ABUSE  Articles and information

NCJFCJ JUDGES' GUIDE TO CUSTODY EVALS...

JOAN ZORZA'S CRITIQUE OF NCJFCJ JUDGES' GUIDE

ABUSIVE MEN AND CUSTODY   What's fair to children.

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE BIBLIOGRAPHY

MATERNAL ALIENATION

WIFE BEATING

YOUNG WOMEN'S VIOLENCE  Myths and facts.

THE INFLUENCE OF UNDERWAGER

ON GUN CONTROL

PARENTAL ALIENATION THEORY

GETTING IT WRONG IN CHILD CUSTODY CASES

JENNIFER HOULT'S ANALYSIS

THE FRIENDLY PARENT CONCEPT

PARENTAL ALIENATION SYNDROME: DANGEROUS AURA OF RELIABILITY

PARENTAL ALIENATION SYNDROME

RICHARD GARDNER: A SELF-MADE MAN

COMPULSIVE TREE PLANTING SYNDROME?

PARENTAL ALIENATION "SYNDROME"

MALICIOUS MOTHER SYNDROME

DIVORCE POISON

LETTER TO RICHARD GARDNER

"BUT I'VE SEEN IT!"

FAMILY COURT ISSUES, ACTIVISTS

OUTRAGES

NOW REPORT ON THE COURTS

RUN MOMMY RUN!

PSYCHOLOGIST'S SMEAR CAMPAIGN

2001 JUDICIAL BLUNDER OF THE YEAR AWARD

IS COLLABORATIVE LAW A GOOD IDEA?

BAD:  SUPERVISED VISITATION RECORDS IN COURT





READING AND RESEARCH ROOMS

Reading Rooms

  • Index: Reading Room
    This is a collection of on-site and great offsite links reading for pleasure and education, including complete on-line works of fiction and nonfiction. Send recommendations for additional listings to sarah@argate.net. Also see: the inspirational:
  • Fatherless Children Stories
  • Spotlight on Women of Achievement
  • Addicted to Hate: Story of the Phelps family and the Westboro Baptist Church BOOK
  • Research Room - Reference materials

    Index: Research Rooms
    Links page. General reference materials such as calculators, calendars, measures, dictionaries, translators, directories, and similar material; quick links to legal research websites. To be on this page, it has to be outstanding. Send suggestions to sarah@argate.net.


    WOMEN'S HISTORY; WOMEN'S RIGHTS

    "...He has so framed the laws of divorce, as to what shall be the proper causes, and in case of separation, to whom the guardianship of the children shall be given, as to be wholly regardless of the happiness of women -- the law, in all cases, going upon a false supposition of the supremacy of man and giving all power into his hands." -- Declaration of Sentiments, 1848

    Brett's Carrel: Women and Religion
    Military Women
    Woman Suffrage in the United States
    WOMEN'S HISTORY LIBRARY - annotated source documents
    Women's History - Featured Articles
    Women of Achievement History Lessons
              Calendar
              Exhibit Hall
              Women's History Month
    Catt's Claws Political Newsletter
    archives 1995-2001

    Brett's Carrel: Women and Religion
    This section includes bits and snippets of information relevant to religion and women, both on-site, and recommended off-site links. Atheism is the primary focus, because, among other things, it represents the ultimate rejection of the demands of religious teachings and moral traditions, most of which are based on a quasi-governmental purpose that includes control of the population. Such control manifests not only in moral teachings and exortations (supplementing the sovereign laws), but also in the religion's rituals, concepts about family, and restrictions on the education and sexual behavior of women (mostly), as well as dictates of appropriate child-rearing practices. At times religion has become extreme in the measures used in defense of its own perpetuation, e.g. the Witch Craze of the Middle Ages, or the religious Jihad or puninitve Sharia laws of today. At other times religion functions, either as the government or with the landed government, in more subtle but just as powerful, ways. Those who wish to control the population (the sovereign, the religious leaders, or those otherwise in positions or power and privilege) seek to control women in ways differently from men because women control reproduction, the greatest societal resource, and -- in the absence of such control over women -- women would control their offspring. (These lessons are throughout the Old Testament, e.g. King Solomon.) In a patriarchal culture, not controlling mothers -- in large part accomplished by and through religion and its moral teachings (e.g. submission to marriage in husband-headed families) -- could conceivably result in the overthrow the power structure within a generation or two. By contrast, war, patriotic rhetoric and military service historically control the sovereign's male population. Loyalty in that service to the sovereign -- typically barred to women -- is rewarded for those who survive with property, ownership power over family members and servants, and often some measure of citizenship participation. This in turn is how the sovereign subdues, orders and controls its armies and labor force, the potentially dangerous and rebellious male population. (In more recent times, psychology, drugs, pornography -- woman ownership -- and consumerism substitute in part for traditional patriarchal religion in keeping the labor force subdued and beholden to the company store.) Also see The Women's Bible in The Women's History Library

  • Index: Brett's Carrel
  • Witch Craze Timeline by Margaret Russell
  • Book Review: Witch Craze by Anne Lewellyn Barstow by Brett
  • Musings on Free Speech, Power and Choices by Brett
  • More on the Witch Craze by Brett
  • Economic theory -- Response to Brett by Peter in South Africa
  • Newsclipping 02/02/98: Suspected Witches Hacked to Death
  • Brett Replies to Peter: Veering Off Topic by Brett
  • Newsclipping 05/02/99: Witch Hunts in Africa
  • Newsclipping 03/27/00: Gender and Witchcraft Killings in Tanzania
  • Newsclipping 07/03/00: More Witchcraft Murders in Tanzania
  • Addicted to Hate: Story of the Phelps family and the Westboro Baptist Church BOOK
  • Newsclipping 06/19/05: Romanian Orthodox priest crucifies nun
  • Newsclipping 08/08/05: From Superstition to Savagery in India
  • Evolution and Religion: Darwin's God by Robin Marantz Henig, NYTimes 03/04/07
  • Witchhunting in Ireland 10/23/07 by Lilith Universe
  • Newsclipping 02/13/08: Saudis to Execute a Woman for Witchcraft
  • Newsclipping 04/24/08: Congo police arrest penis snatchers (witches)
  • Military Women History (through Viet Nam War)

  • Index: Military Women
  • Bibliography of Resources on Women in the Military CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Biography of Anna Ella Carroll by Kay Larson SCHOLAR
  • Military Women Casualties
  • American Women in War
  • Women Spies
  • Surgeon, Spy, Suffragist: Mary Edwards Walker
  • Women Prisoners of War
  • Military Women in Film
  • Military Women in Television
  • Military Women Astronauts
  • Firsts for Military Women
  • Women Buried in Arlington National Cemetery
  • Military Women Trivia
  • WWI Women's Recruiting Posters
  • Chart of military ranks in the four major U.S. services (2008)
  • Spotlight on Women (featured women's history articles)

  • Index: Spotlight Articles. Contains rotating featured articles, history, and inspirational stories.
  • Louise Thaden Flew as No Woman Had Flown Before by Irene Stuber
  • Pedestriennes: Controversial Women in Sporting Entertainment by Dahn Shaulis SCHOLAR
  • Rebels aren't always skinny little men wearing bandanas by Irene Stuber
  • Woman Suffrage in the United States; Woman Suffrage Timeline
    The timeline in this section includes the little known -- and usually omitted -- dates when women first LOST their voting rights in the United States following the Declaration of Independence. Previously, voting rights were based on land ownership, not sex, and while most women suffered a chattel-like status as minors or wives under control of fathers, guardians, and husbands (thus not owning land or exercising full citizenship rights) some unmarried women heirs and widows without sons were able to vote and contract because they did not have these "protectors". See the precedent: Elizabeth I's "I Have the Heart of a King" speech. Also see other Women's History Library documents.

  • Index: Woman Suffrage in the United States
  • Abigail Adams's Letters to John Adams
  • Abolitionist Movement and Woman Suffrage
            with Ain't I a Woman speech by Sojourner Truth
  • The 1848 Declaration of Sentiments
  • Woman Suffrage Timeline by Lexington Area NOW
  • Woman Suffrage Timeline Book List by Margaret Russell CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • The 1981 U.S. Commission Report on Women's Rights (E.R.A.)
  • Women's History Library of Source Documents
    In this section, the documents are arranged in both chronological order, so that they can be read straight through in the manner of a history lesson, as well as by author for ease of reference. Also see the subsection on Woman Suffrage.

  • Index: Primary Source Documents, annotated (by author)
  • Index: Primary Source Documents, annotated (by date)
  • 1588 - Elizabeth I's speech "I have the Heart of a King."
  • 1792 - A Vindication of the Rights of Women by Mary Wollstonecraft
  • 1848 - Declaration of Sentiments: Report of Woman's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls
  • 1848 - Elizabeth Cady Stanton's keynote speech
  • 1873 - Susan B. Anthony: On Woman's Right to Suffrage
  • 1892 - Elizabeth Cady Stanton's The Solitude of Self
  • 1895 - Elizabeth Cady Stanton: The Women's Bible
  • 1896 - Susan B. Anthony on The Woman's Bible
  • 1904 - Declaration of Principles
  • 1905 - Florence Kelley on Child Labor
  • 1906 - "The Colored Man's Paradise" by Mary Church Terrell
  • 1908 - Emma Goldman on Patriotism
  • 1912 - Mother Jones's speech to West Virginia Coal Miners
  • 1913 - Emmeline Pankhurst on suffrage
  • 1915 - What is a Republic by the Rev. Anna Howard Shaw
  • 1918 - League of Women Voters Formed
  • 1918 - Married Love by Marie Stopes
  • 1922 - Woman's Rights Party's Platform
  • 1922 - Re: Mrs. Frank Leslie's Will
  • 1940 - Eleanor Roosevelt's Civil Liberties Speech to A.C.L.U.
  • 1969 - Shirley Chisholm on the Equal Rights Amendment
  • 1992 - A Woman's View: Dying of AIDS by Elizabeth Glaser
  • 1993 - "What other judgment can I judge by but my own?" by Margaret Merrill Toscano
  • 1995 - Donna Shalala's speech in Beijing, China
  • 1995 - Hillary Clinton's speech in Beijing, China at the World Health Org.
  • 1995 - Hillary Clinton's speech at the Fourth U.N. conference
  • 1995 - Rebels aren't always skinny little men wearing bandanas by Irene Stuber
  • 1998 - Hillary Rodham Clinton's speech at Seneca Falls
  • 2001- Angela King's speech to the U.N. on women's issues
  • Women of Achievement (archive collection, Irene Stuber)

  • Index: Women of Achievement 366 Days Calendar
    More materials similar to those for Women's History Month (below), but for every day. These materials formerly were housed at Irene Stuber's undelete.org. The "calendar" is based on the 900+ episodes of Women of Achievement and Herstory that Irene Stuber emailed to her subscribers 1992-2002. There are tens of thousands of items of biographical information, trivia, interesting stories, and commentary. Biographies and "herstory" data presented through 365 daily calendar episodes plus leap year, and several supplementary items. Use the site search engine (top of page) to locate information.


  • Index: Women of Achievement Exhibit Hall
  • Suffrage march photographs
  • Suffrage cartoon by Courier & Ives
  • Suffrage editorial
  • Photos of suffrage statue in the Capitol, Washington, D.C.
  • Photo of actual document of 19th Amendment
  • Postcards pro-and-con suffrage
  • Annie Oakley volunteer poster
  • Jean Broadhurst newsclip and photo
  • Maria Mitchell photo and data

  • Index: Women's History Month (March)
    Thirty-one Women of Achievement history lessons in chronological order for March (Women's History Month), including stories, commentary and trivia. Some highlights: Abigail Adams, history of Women's History Month, astronaut Jerrie Cobb, Janet Guthrie, Nicole-Barbe Clicquot, Queen Boadicea of Iceni, U.S. Supreme Court case Reed v. Reed, women marathon runners, Maya Ling Lin and the Viet Nam memorial, the real story of axe murderess Lizzie Bordon, UN Status of Women subcommission, Dr. Mary Edwards Walker, fire at Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, geneticist Barbara McClintock, Mary Wollstonecraft, Sappho, Hypatia, and the Witch of Agnesi, Marie Iowa, astronaut Eileen Collins, Mormonism and women, Amazons, and more.
  • Catt's Claws Newsletter (archival collection)

  • Index: Catt's Claws 1995-2001
    Archives of Irene Stuber's email newsletter.

  • CUSTODY EVALUATION ISSUES: "In the absence of research, MHP's speculations mislead as to the state of their "expertise." There is no apparent requirement that self-styled experts demonstrate a clear research foundation for their ideas or even their own parenting ability prior to making proclamations about what is good or bad for other people's children and families. Moreover, popular trends, un-backed by research, and promoted by political activists, permeate the MHP and lay literature, then the MHP recommendation-making, and finally, court decisions.
       "The history of the notion of "parallel parenting" is an example of this. See, e.g. book by divorced father and joint custody activist, Philip M. Stahl, Parenting After Divorce: A Guide to Resolving Conflicts and Meeting Your Children's Needs, Impact Publishers (2000). "...The second step in this process is what I call parallel parenting. In this style of parenting, both of you will each learn to parent your child effectively, doing the best job each of you can do during the time you are with your child. You will continue to disengage from the other parent so that conflicts are avoided. If you determine that you cannot cooperatively parent because your level of conflict is moderate or high, disengagement and parallel parenting is the necessary style of parenting. Parallel parenting gets its name from a similar concept in children's play. Research psychologists have observed that young children who play together, but do not have the skills to interact, engage in a process of parallel play..."
       "No research indicates that disengaged parenting, in which a child is forced simultaneously to live in two separate uncommunicating households, is not harmful. No research indicates that this is a "step" towards anything beneficial, least of all cooperative parenting. Prior to Stahl and others deciding to tout parallel parenting as a viable custody arrangement for children post-divorce, it generally was assumed to be harmful, and considered to be an indication of the failure of joint custody...
       "...joint custody is encouraged primarily as a voluntary alternative for relatively stable, amicable parents behaving in a mature civilized fashion. As a court-ordered arrangement imposed upon already embattled and embittered parents... it can only enhance familial chaos." No new research has indicated that these assumptions about children's wellbeing were incorrect...
       "See ...characterizing joint custody arrangements in which parents were not communicating as an indication that after a period of time, joint custody was not facilitating coparenting cooperation and not working for most of the families...


    CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND WELLBEING

    Attachment and Bonding
    Child Abuse and Domestic Violence
    Education and Children's Intellectual Development

    Attachment and Bonding
    Also see subsection on Mother's Rights, Pregnancy in FAMILY LAW

  • Attachment as a Context for Development: Challenges and Issues by Nicola Atwool SCHOLAR
  • Attachment Research Bibliography by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • The Bond Between Mother and Child by Beth Azar, APA Monitor, Sept. 1995 SCHOLAR
  • Breastfeeding may reduce kids' stress, study says by Karen Pallarito Honolulu Ad'er 12/07 RESEARCH PR
  • Myths and Facts about Motherhood and Marriage by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Myths and Facts about Stepmothers and Mother-absence by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Myths and Facts about Father-absence by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Misrepresentations of Research by Lamb and Kelly by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
              with Using Child Development Research to Make Appropriate Custody and Access Decisions
  • Attachment 101 for Attorneys: Implications for Infant Placement Willemsen and Marcel off-site SCHOLAR
  • Child Abuse and Domestic Violence
    Go to subsection on Child Abuse and Domestic Violence in FAMILY LAW

    Education and Children's Intellectual Development
    Also see READING AND RESEARCH ROOMS

  • Index: Children's educational websites LINKS
  • Impact of Parental Involvement on Achievement: Literature Review by Charles Desforges PDF SCHOLAR
  • Parenting and Children's Educational Achievement: what works by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Research on homework; press release by Penn State 2007 RESEARCH PR
  • Socialization, Personality Development, and the Child's Environments by Judith Rich Harris SCHOLAR
  • Strangers in Our Homes: TV and Children's Minds by Susan R. Johnson, M.D. SCHOLAR
  • Study Casts Doubt on the "Boy Crisis" in Schools WashPost 06/06; update 05/08 RESEARCH PR

  • FAMILY LAW ISSUES

    LIZNOTES TABLE OF CONTENTS
    {Open LIZNOTES without site-index frame in a new window}
    Alimony and Child Support
    Child Abuse and Domestic Violence; Stalking
    Child Custody; Joint Custody; Shared Parenting; Time-share
    Collaborative Law; Cooperative Law; Mediation
    Guardians ad Litem; Parenting Coordinators; Custody Evaluators; Supervised Visitation
    OUTRAGES, Family Court Issues; Activism; Corruption; Justice's Posterous
    Father's Rights Movement
    Mother's Rights: Maternity, Paternity, and Pregnancy Issues
    Parental Alienation Syndrome; Hostile-aggressive Parenting; Enmeshment
    Psychology in Family Court; Forensic Psychology; Therapeutic Jurisprudence
    Relocation; Post-divorce Move-aways
    Research MYTHS AND FACTS fatherhood, motherhood, children's best interests

    Note: this website contains information, research, scholarship, and arguments pertaining to public policy and legal issues. Much of it was gathered by attorney and academic work groups in different jurisdictions. It is not intended to reflect the specifics of actual laws, substantive or procedural, currently in force in any jurisdiction. The information is intended for use by scholars, lawyers, and activists, and is not presented as legal advice.

    Alimony and Child Support
    Support and property issues are deeply interrelated with other family law and women's employment and equality issues, including maternity, fathers' rights and child custody, so be sure to review these other sections for relevant information. Also see subsection on Mother's Rights, Pregnancy in FAMILY LAW

  • Feminists on Alimony by liz ALIMONY THEORY ARGUMENT FOLLOWING QUOTATIONS
  • Gender-Blind, Gender-Neutral Equality: When "Equal" Isn't by liz
  • Male Bashing? (Overview of family law politics through 1998) by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Reasking the Woman Question at Divorce by Penelope Bryan PDF SCHOLAR
  • Myths and Facts about Motherhood and Marriage by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Child Abuse and Domestic Violence
    Domestic violence and abuse issues are integrated with the issues of child custody, parental alienation theory, father's rights, and therapeutic jurisprudence (the influx of psychology into the family court system), etc., so check those sections too. NOTE: The LIZNOTES index page contains links to recommended off-site locations as well as the on-site articles.

  • Index: LIZNOTES Table of Contents
  • Articles and Information that cut through the slop CITATIONS TO RESEARCH; LINKS
  • Battered Mothers' Testimony Project Report by AZCADV PDF SCHOLAR
  • Beaten, Raped, Robbed: Unmasking "Father's Rights" Movement by Kathleen Parker ESSAY
  • Coercive Control by Evan Stark DOC SCHOLAR
  • Counter to the "no long-term harm" argument by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Court Order in In Re Sharline Nicholson, et al., March 1, 2002 (NY) PDF SCHOLAR
  • Domestic Violence Bibliography and Reading List by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • False Memory Movement's Remedy for a Nonexistent Problem by Judith M. Simon SCHOLAR
  • Fairness and Accuracy in Evaluations of DV and Abuse by Smith and Coukos PDF SCHOLAR
  • Gun Control by Gina Guest ESSAY; CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Issues and Dilemmas in Domestic Violence APA Domestic Violence Taskforce SCHOLAR
  • "Maternal alienation": new research by Anne Morris DOC SCHOLAR
  • Myths and Facts about Young Women's Violence by Elizabeth Frye Society SCHOLAR
  • 2007 NCJFCJ Judges' Guide to Custody Evaluations in Cases of Abuse PDF SCHOLAR
  • 2009 NCJFCJ Judges' Guide to Custody Evaluations in Cases of Abuse PDF SCHOLAR
  • A Mixed and Dangerous Tool (critique of prior guide) by Joan Zorza SCHOLAR
  • Ralph Underwager's "Litany for Fathers" with Paedika pedophilia comments by liz
  • Ralph Underwager feeling misunderstood and falsely accused by liz
  • Research on young women's rising arrests, Penn State 2006 RESEARCH PR
  • Stalking Through the Courts: the father's rights movement by Janet Normalvanbreucher SCHOLAR
  • Statistics:Men versus Women Child Abuse by liz
  • Troubling Admission of Supervised Visitation Records in Court by Stern/Oehme PDF SCHOLAR
  • Understanding the Batterer in Custody and Visitation Disputes by Lundy Bancroft PDF SCHOLAR
  • What is Fair for Children of Abusive Men? by Jack C. Straton, Ph.D. SCHOLAR
  • When Paradigms Collide: Protecting Battered Parents and Children by Clare Dalton SCHOLAR
  • Why He Kills by Caroline Overington PDF SCHOLAR
  • Wife Beating (the original classic) by liz
  • Will He Kill? How judges can assess risk by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
               with link to Maryland Lethality Assessment Protocol
  • Child Custody; joint custody; shared parenting; time-share
    Child custody issues are interconnected with issues of maternity and pregnancy, primary caregiving, parental alienation, child development (education and attachment issues), father's rights, and other family law issues, as well as to issues involving forensic psychologists, guardians ad litem (GALs) and other mental health professionals in the family court system, so check related sections, including those on psychology for other relevant articles. NOTE: The LIZNOTES index page contains links to recommended off-site locations as well as the on-site articles.

  • Index: LIZNOTES Table of Contents.
  • Changing Custody in the Teen Years - why it's a bad idea by liz
  • Joint Custody: The Road to Hell is Paved with Good Intentions by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Joint Custody - Those Joint Custody Studies: Debunking the Claims by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH 
  • Joint Custody: Recent Research by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH 
  • Joint Custody: Yet More Research Shows It Does Not Work by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH 
  • Joint Custody Studies: Debunking Bauserman's Meta-analysis by liz
  • Media Distortions by Fathers' Rights Advocates by liz
  • Multiple Meanings of Equality: Case Study in Custody Litigation by Jane Gordon PDF SCHOLAR
  • Not Sharing but Equitable Distribution -- Like for Furniture! cartoon
  • Not "Two Homes" -- It's No Home cartoon
  • Parenting Coordination Issues by liz
  • Presumptive Joint Custody: A Custodial Father Speaks Out by Derek Dahlsad
  • "Right of First Refusal" in Parenting Plans by liz PRACTITIONER ADVICE
  • Separating Siblings by G. Hochman, E. Feathers-Acuna, and A. Huston. SCHOLAR  CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Shared Parenting Failing in Australia CourierMail 11/08 RESEARCH PR
  • Suggestions for Noncustodial Parent Holiday Involvement by liz
  • What the Experts Say: Post-Divorce Parenting and Child Wellbeing by Diane N. Lye DOC SCHOLAR
  • Collaborative Law; Cooperative Law; Voluntary Mediation; etc.
    This category includes the various forms of ADR that involve client-controlled negotiated alternate dispute resolution in the family court system. Also see section on PSYCHOLOGY

  • Is Collaborative Law a Good Idea? by liz INFORMED CONSENT CAVEATS
  • Also see (liz) Collaborative Law and Cooperative law, generally
  • Guardians ad Litem; Parenting Coordinators; Custody Evaluators, etc.
    This category includes the various forms of so-called ADR (alternate dispute resolution) practitioners, such as GALs, parenting coordinators, parenting evaluators, forensic psychologists, recommending mediators, special masters, court-ordered therapists, other court-appointed mental health professionals, supervised visitation centers, and other profiteers of "therapeutic jurisprudence", whose methods involve -- in non-criminal cases -- intrusion and coercion under the threat of court sanctions, and actual or de facto extra-judicial decision-making. This website heavily criticizes all of these practices, which have multiple things wrong with them, not the least of which is denigration of due process, and the diminution of a publicly observable, regulated, and appealable "rule by law" by substituting the caprice of men and women. These practices have been promoted as "cures" for ailings of the court system and the litigants in it by self-serving persons who apparently are ignorant, or else just do not care about the harms they cause to children and their parents because they make money from the ideas they promote, churning profit in proceedings that fly in the face of the foundations of our justice system. The bulk of these materials are listed in the section on PSYCHOLOGY. Also see the sections on the specific substantive issues, such as child development or parental alienation.

  • Court-appt'd Parenting Evaluators and GALs: The Case for Abolition by Margaret Dore PDF SCHOLAR
  • Guardians ad Litem in Custody Litigation: The Case for Abolition by Richard Ducote PDF SCHOLAR
  • Parenting Coordination Issues (outline) by liz
  • Parenting Coordinators, Practical Considerations by liz
  • Troubling Admission of Supervised Visitation Records in Court by Stern/Oehme PDF SCHOLAR
  • What's Wrong with Parenting Coordination by liz
  • Smear Campaign: Psychologist versus Robin Yeamans by Robin Yeamans
  • Mother's Issues: Maternity, Paternity and Pregnancy Issues
    Pregnancy and maternity/maternity issues are integrated with the issues of child custody, property and support issues rights, parental alienation defense theory used to counter allegations of abuse and otherwise discredit women's testimony and childcare histories, child development (education and attachment issues), father's rights, and other family law issues, so check related sections for other relevant articles. NOTE: The LIZNOTES index page contains links to recommended off-site locations as well as the on-site articles. Also see subsection on Attachment and Bonding in CHILD DEVELOPMENT, and Alimony in FAMILY LAW. For history of mothers' rights, see THE WOMEN'S LIBRARY.

  • Index: LIZNOTES Table of Contents
  • Babies Need Their Mothers Beside Them by James J. McKenna, Ph.D.
  • Bias: examples of societal bias against mothers and motherhood by liz
  • Busting the Fatherhood Myth by Lily DeVilliers
               with Mark Evans RockAmerica Speech
  • Effects of Pregnancy by liz
               Effects of Abortion
               Reasons for a late-term abortion
  • Feminists on Alimony by liz ALIMONY THEORY ARGUMENT FOLLOWING QUOTATIONS
  • Gender-Blind, Gender-Neutral Equality: When "Equal" Isn't by liz
  • Male Bashing? Brief history of family law politics. by liz
  • Multiple Meanings of Equality: Case Study in Custody Litigation by Jane Gordon PDF SCHOLAR
  • Myths and Facts about Motherhood and Marriage by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Reasking the Woman Question at Divorce by Penelope Bryan PDF SCHOLAR
  • Reconciling Marriage, Motherhood, and Feminism - One (traditional mother) by liz
  • Reconciling Marriage, Motherhood, and Feminism - Two (feminist mother) by liz
  • What is a Primary Parent? by liz
  • Why Divorced Mothers Should Get Alimony by liz
  • Why Most Primary Parents are Mothers by liz
              with Staying alive: Evolution, culture and women's intra-sexual aggression, by Anne Campbell
    SCHOLAR
  • Why People Divorce by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Parental Alienation Syndrome; hostile-aggressive parenting; enmeshment
    NOTE: The LIZNOTES index page contains links to recommended off-site locations as well as the on-site articles. Also see Section on PSYCHOLOGY, because the entertaining of alienation theory (by whatever name **) has become integral to the plying of the therapeutic jurisprudence trades in the family courts. It is a primary creator of the relationship engineering industries, and spawns work for "experts" opining pro and con, as well as GALs, supervised visitation centers, court-ordered therapists, custody evaluators, parenting coordinators, and all of their respective lawyers. [** hostile-aggressive parenting, enmeshment, intrusive parenting, intractable hostilities, high conflict, etc.]

  • Index: LIZNOTES Table of Contents
  • Battered Mothers' Testimony Project Report by AZCADV PDF SCHOLAR
  • Breaking the Silence: PBS documentary aftermath, issues by Dominic Lasseur and Joan Meier
              with additional comments by liz
  • But I've Seen It! (No, you haven't) by liz
  • Compulsive Tree-Planting Syndrome (liz to Gardner) by liz
              Responds to Gardner's 1998 "Misperceptions" article in response to liz's "But I've Seen It!" (above)
  • Cross-Referral relationships of PAS purveyors, Joe Goldberg etc. by liz
  • Custody Switch by Jill Kramer Pac.Sun 10/01 PDF
  • Disciplining Divorcing Parents: Social Construction of Parental Alienation by F. Besset PDF SCHOLAR
  • Criticism of Divorce Poison by Richard Warshak by Cheryl Metellus
  • Evidentiary Admissibility of Parental Alienation Syndrome by Jennifer Hoult PDF SCHOLAR
  • Fairness and Accuracy in Evaluations of DV and Abuse by Smith and Coukos PDF SCHOLAR
  • Friendly Parent Concept: A Flawed Factor by Margaret Dore PDF SCHOLAR
  • Fetid Father Syndrome satire by liz in response to Turkat's "Malicious Mother Syndrome"
              with complete text of Malicious Mother Syndrome by Ira Turkat
    CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Lack of Empirical Data, Research or Scientific Basis by Justice for Children DOC CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Letter to Richard Gardner satire by Karen Anderson
  • NCJFCJ Judges' Guide to Custody Evaluations in Cases of Abuse (it's not PAS) PDF SCHOLAR
  • Overblowing the Child Suggestibility Research by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH AND NEWS
  • PAS and Alienated Children -- getting it wrong in child custody cases by Carol S. Bruch PDF SCHOLAR
  • Parental Alienation Syndrome: Getting It Wrong in Child Custody Cases Carol S. Bruch PDF SCHOLAR
  • See Prof. Bruch's articles at Index: Carol S. Bruch
  • Parental Alienation Syndrome: A Dangerous Aura of Reliability by Cheri L. Wood TXT SCHOLAR
  • Parental Alienation Syndrome by Antonio Escudero RTF SPANISH SCHOLAR
  • Parental Alienation Syndrome: Frye v. Gardner in the Family Courts by Jerome Poliacoff PRACT
  • Parental Alienation Syndrome: Proponents Bear the Burden of Proof Robert E. Emery, Ph.D. off-site PDF SCHOLAR
  • PAS and Parental Alienation: Research Reviews by Joan S. Meier PDF SCHOLAR
  • Retaliation Against Professionals Who Report Child Abuse by Katherine Hine SCHOLAR
  • Richard Gardner and "Parental Alienation Syndrome" by Trish Wilson
  • Richard Gardner: A Self-Made Man by Judith M. Simon
  • Richard A. Gardner pedophilia quotes orig. compiled by Stephanie J. Dallam
  • Sound Research or Wishful Thinking in Custody Cases? by Carol S. Bruch PDF SCHOLAR
  • What is "PAS" and Why Is It So Often Used Against Mothers? by John E. B. Myers SCHOLAR
              with Richard Gardner and "Parental Alienation Syndrome" by Trish Wilson
  • Psychology in the Family Court; Forensic; Therapeutic Jurisprudence
    See comments under Guardians ad Litem, and then go to section on PSYCHOLOGY. Also see the sections on the specific substantive issues, such as child development or parental alienation.

    Relocation; Post-divorce Move-aways
    Post-divorce relocation issues are interconnected with issues of maternity and pregnancy, primary caregiving, economics, parental alienation, child development (education and attachment issues), father's rights, and other family law issues, as well as to issues involving forensic psychologists, guardians ad litem (GALs) and other mental health professionals in the family court system, so check related sections, including those on psychology for other relevant articles. NOTE: The LIZNOTES index page contains links to recommended off-site locations as well as the on-site articles.

  • Index: Articles of Carol S. Bruch
  • Sound Research or Wishful Thinking in Custody Cases? by Carol S. Bruch PDF SCHOLAR
  • Index: LIZNOTES Table of Contents
  • Braver Post-divorce Relocation Study: The real findings editorial by liz
  • Braver et al. Post-divorce Relocation Study: Commentary by Judith Wallerstein SCHOLAR
              Criticizes "Relocation of Children After Divorce and Children's Best interests"
  • Constitutional Right to Travel by DiAnn Lindquist PRACTITIONER ARGUMENT
  • Does Moving After Divorce Damage Kids? by Norval Glenn and David Blankenhorn SCHOLAR
  • Post-Divorce Relocation: Policy Considerations by Scott Altman SCHOLAR
  • Index: LaMusga case Information Page Items below in reverse chronological order.
  • Mother's Petition for Rehearing 05/14/04 PDF
  • California Supreme Court decision 04/29/04 PDF
  • Mother's Response Brief to Shear and Warshak 10/17/03 PDF PDF
  • Emails by members of Assoc of Certified Family Law Specialists, CA 08/11/03
  • Mother's Motion re Best Interests Order 07/29/03
  • Mother's Objection to Untimely Briefs by Warshak and Shear 07/26/03 DOC
  • Press Release: Kim Robinson (mother's lawyer) 07/08/03
  • Letter from mother to father announcing relocation to AZ 07/08/03
  • Press Release: National Coalition for Family Justice of California, Inc. 07/07/03
  • Amicus Curiae Public Statement: background and case details 07/03
  • Shear Amicus Brief (for the Therapeutic Juri$prudence crowd) PDF cover PDF
  • Richard Warshak Amicus Brief (written by Sanford Braver) PDF
  • Press Release: Judith Wallerstein 06/30/03
  • Law Professor's Amicus Brief 05/21/03 PDF
  • California Women's Law Center Amicus Brief PDF
  • Judith Wallerstein Amicus Brief 05/12/03 PDF
  • Mother's California Supreme Court Brief 01/17/03 PDF
  • Father's California Supreme Court Brief 10/18/02 PDF
  • Decision: LaMusga Court of Appeal 05/10/02 PDF
  • Decision: In re Marriage of Burgess 04/15/96
  • Press Release: National Coalition for Family Justice of California, Inc.
  • Research "Myths and Facts" pages
    These pages, and the pages on custody evaluation and the joint custody, contain literally thousands of research citations. The sociological and psychological research on families and child well-being impacts public policy and the issues of child custody in family law. The research frequently is misrepresented, and mis-cited by mental health professionals, lawyers, forensic psychologists and others, as well as interest groups lobbying for laws. The "facts" on the research myths and facts pages refer to the "fact" of the actual research findings. Often what is cited instead is the "spin" or speculation in researchers' writeups. These pages are presented as a commentary on the flimsy rationales (of record) given for much of current public policy. Also review the other sections pertaining to the issues impacted by the research, such as child custody, parental alienation theory, and other family law issues, as well as the section on therapeutic jurisprudence, which in the family courts is economic opportunism (not science) under the pretext that engineering family affectional relationships is within the ability of mental health "science" to accomplish (this is misrepresentation), and moreover, that it is an appropriate goal of the government and court system using the specious rationale that these interventions are necessary or helpful for children's wellbeing (while ignoring the many iatrogenic effects on both families and the over-burdened courts).Also see subsection on Child Custody in FAMILY LAW

  • Critique of Kelly and Lamb Infant Overnight "research" literature by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
    This paper is used as a teaching illustration of how to do critical reading, and of how the research is distorted and misrepresented in the sociology and psychology literature. It is a line-by-line analysis of propaganda techniques, logic errors, and outright fraud. The Lamb and Kelly article is presented in its entirety, interlineated with discussion and commentary, as well as annotations. The widely-cited paper, Using Child Development Research to Make Appropriate Custody and Access Decisions for Young Children (2000), is an example of pseudo-science posing as objective scholarship by "researchers" or "scientists".But it's a political position paper advocating (without sound basis for doing so), for joint custody for babies and very young children.
  • Index: LIZNOTES Table of Contents
  • Braver Post-divorce Relocation Study: The real findings by liz
  • Myths and Facts about Fatherhood and Families by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Myths and Facts about Motherhood and Marriage by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Myths and Facts about Stepmothers and Mother Absence by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Myths and Facts in Wade Horn's Fatherhood Promotion by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Response to Wade Horn's "The Importance of Being Father" by liz
  • Myths and Facts about Parenting and Children's Education by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • What the Experts Say: Post-Divorce Parenting and Child Wellbeing by Diane N. Lye DOC SCHOLAR
  • Why People Divorce by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH

  • FATHERLESS CHILDREN STORIES

    These are transcripts from "A Fatherless Minute" series sponsored by The Liz Library for The Justice Hour radio show on WPBR 1340 AM. The term "fatherless" ("fatherlessness") is used in this series as it is in current research and policy rhetoric by the U.S. federal government, DHHS and the National Fatherhood Initiative, most U.S. states in connection with child custody law and policy, and various family values and fatherhood interest policy and lobbying groups. (For the research, see the subsections Research Myths and Facts and Child Custody, as well as the section on FAMILY LAW generally.)

  • "Fatherless America" list of famous fatherless children (25% of American presidents)
  • Fatherless Children Stories in reading order by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
  • Myths and Facts about Fatherhood  |  more research  |  custody reseach CITATIONS TO RESEARCH

  • PSYCHOLOGY; CUSTODY EVALUATIONS; THERAPY

    Forensic Psychology; Guardians ad Litem; Therapeutic Jurisprudence
    The sociological and psychological research on families and child well-being impacts public policy and the issues of child custody in family law. The research frequently is misrepresented, and mis-cited by mental health professionals, lawyers, forensic psychologists and others, as well as interest groups lobbying for laws. Also review the sections pertaining to the issues impacted by the "therapeutic jurisprudence", such as child custody, parental alienation theory, research pertaining to child development, the subsection for research Myths and Facts in FAMILY LAW, and other family law issues. Also see the subsection on Child Custody in FAMILY LAW. The Therapeutic Jurisprudence index page contains links to recommended off-site locations as well as the on-site articles

  • Index: Therapeutic Jurisprudence
    This section of the website contains current public material from on-going research being conducted around the United States and in Canada by various scholars and organizations who are sharing findings, as well as links to articles and off-site locations on the issue of the harmful use of psychology and psychological theories in the family court systems. Therapeutic jurisprudence in the family courts, i.e. a "mental health approach to the law" substitutes the opinions of mental health practitioners for traditional evidence and decision-making procedures. Because these persons actually do not have any kind of "expertise" to opine this way, what originally was thought to be a helpful idea (in this medicalized and psychologized world) has become merely economic opportunism, harming not only the litigants and children in the system as well as the court system itself, but also perverting substantive and procedural law. It is not science, but compensated yenta-ism that has permeated the courts under the pretexts that engineering family affectional relationships is within the ability of mental health "science" practitioners to accomplish, and that this is an appropriate goal of the government, court system, and state police power because children "need" something it has to offer. See additional comments on this index page here. If you are interested in activism, helping with research in your state, or contributing articles or materials on "therapeutic jurisprudence" contact cce-research@argate.net


  • Are Psychologists Hiding Evidence? A Need for Reform by Lees-Haley and Courtney SCHOLAR
  • Custody evaluators' arguments about test records -- and why they're wrong by liz
  • Children's Associational Rights: Why less is more by Emily Buss PDF SCHOLAR
  • Court-appointed Parenting Evaluators: The Case for Abolition by Margaret Dore PDF SCHOLAR
  • Disciplining Divorcing Parents: Social Construction of Parental Alienation by F. Besset PDF SCHOLAR
  • Guardians ad Litem in Custody Litigation: The Case for Abolition by Richard Ducote PDF SCHOLAR
  • Parental Alienation Syndrome -- getting it wrong in child custody cases by Carol S. Bruch PDF SCHOLAR
  • Parenting Coordination Issues by liz
  • Reevaluating the Evaluators (overview of the problem) by liz CITATIONS TO RESEARCH
        Custody Evaluator Quotes by liz (companion to above article)
  • Socialization, Personality Development, and the Child's Environments by Judith Rich Harris SCHOLAR
  • Sound Research or Wishful Thinking in Custody Cases? by Carol S. Bruch PDF SCHOLAR
  • Troubling Admission of Supervised Visitation Records in Court by Stern/Oehme PDF SCHOLAR
  • What's Wrong with Parenting Coordination by liz
  • Why "Therapeutic Jurisprudence" Must Be Eliminated From Our Family Courts by liz
  • Why "Therapeutic Jurisprudence" Must Be Eliminated From Our Courts by liz (pub. version)

  • child custody evaluation joint custody child custody issues children's education infant overnights parenting coordination parenting evaluation testing post-divorce moveaways pregnancy